Summit on nuclear non-proliferation – Speech by Mr. Nicolas Sarkozy, President of the French Republic, to the United Nations Security Council

France fully supports your initiative to organize this
meeting and the efforts you undertook with Russia to reduce nuclear arsenals.
But let us speak frankly – we are here to guarantee peace.


We are right to speak of the future, but before the future
there is the present, and at present we have two nuclear crises.


The people of the entire world are listening to what we’re
saying, to our promises, our commitments and our speeches, but we live in a real
world, not a virtual world.


We say: reductions must be made. And President Obama has even
said, "I dream of a world without [nuclear weapons].” Yet before our very eyes,
two countries are currently doing the exact opposite. Since 2005, Iran has
violated five Security Council resolutions. Since 2005, Secretary-General, the
international community has called on Iran to engage in dialogue. An offer of
dialogue was made in 2005, an offer of dialogue was made in 2006, an offer of
dialogue was made in 2007, an offer of dialogue was made in 2008, and another
one was made in 2009. President Obama, I support the Americans’ outstretched
hand. But what did the international community gain from these offers of
dialogue? Nothing. More enriched uranium, more centrifuges, and on top of that,
a statement by Iranian leaders proposing to wipe a UN member State off the map.


What are we doing? What conclusions are we drawing? There
comes a time when facts are stubborn and decisions must be made.


If we want in the end to have a world without nuclear
weapons, let us not accept the violation of international rules.


I understand perfectly well the various positions of the
different parties, but all of us may one day be threatened by a neighbour who
has obtained a nuclear weapon.


Second, North Korea. It gets even better: they have violated
all Security Council deliberations since 1993, and they disregard everything
that the international community says, everything. What’s more, they are
continuing their ballistic tests.


How can we accept this? What conclusions can we draw from it?
I say that at some point, all of us – regardless of our positions in other
respects – will have to work together to adopt sanctions and to ensure that the
UN Security Council’s decisions are effective.


Finally, I share the opinion expressed by the President of
Uganda and the Chinese President with respect to access to civil nuclear energy.
We, the nuclear powers, must agree to technology transfers so that everyone can
have access to this clean energy. I would add that this will make it possible to
avoid deliberate confusion on the part of those who claim to be carrying out
nuclear research for civilian purposes while they’re doing it for military


So, ladies and gentlemen, my dear colleagues, this is what I
believe, in full support of what was decided in the resolution and in full
support of President Obama’s initiative. What I believe is that by having the
courage to strengthen sanctions, together, against countries that violate
Security Council resolutions, we will give credibility to our commitment to a
world whose future holds fewer nuclear weapons and perhaps, one day, no nuclear

Dernière modification : 08/12/2010

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