The G20 of Heads of State and Government was created at the end of 2008, on the initiative of
France and Europe, to provide a coordinated and concerted response to the most serious economic
and fi nancial crisis since World War II. At the pioneering Washington Summit in November 2008,
the Heads of State and Government agreed on an extraordinary plan of action to prevent the fi nancial
system and the global economy from collapsing.
(Islamabad, 30 November 2011)
(Paris, Monday 28 November 2011)